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The eighth edition of Global Talent Competitiveness Index – GTCI – 2021 has been published. This year it has been co-produced by INSEAD, France, and Portulans Institute, a think-tank based in Washington, DC, and Geneva.

GTCI measures talent along set parameters in various countries of the world, which more or less remain the same. In the 2021 report, 134 countries are included. The complete report has 328 pages and those interested may follow the link at the end to see the full report.


Given below are five countries: Pakistan and its four neighbors. We shall see how these compare on the parameters listed in the last post.

  • Turkey is at #76
  • India is at #88
  • Iran is at #100
  • Pakistan is at #107
  • Bangladesh is at #123

I have extracted more detail from the GTCI report and tabulated it here in two tables.

Table 1 gives the total scores of five countries. India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh come from the same stock, but are going on separate trajectories. Iran has been under war, sanctions, and hardships since many years. Turkey is part of EU and fairly developed.

Table 2 is much more detailed. It is ranking on all pillars/ sub-pillars, and variables. The comparative analysis becomes easier, which I shall do in the next post.

Table 1

CountryGTCI RankingEnableAttractGrowRetainVT SkillsGK Skills

Table 2

Pillars/ Sub-pillars/ VariablesTurkeyIndiaIranPakistanBangladesh
GTCI Ranking7688100107123
Regulatory Landscape8776127124117
Government Effectiveness695999108112
Rule of Law7754109106104
Political Stability123105129133113
Regulatory Quality7180130109124
Market Landscape43767095115
Extent of market dominance58743372115
Ease of doing business316010794129
Cluster development5843855378
R&D expenditure39514489n/a
ICT infrastructure53738195101
Business & Labor Landscape985412992119
Labor rights95n/an/a9199
Labor-employee cooperation1088612511493
Professional management71481269092
Relationship of pay to productivity80621236977
Technology utilization66501187381
Investment in emerging technologies103261024898
Firms with websites6472n/a76106
External Openness9510212878120
FDI and technology transfer73529574101
Prevalence of foreign ownership1115813298109
Migrant stock511237985106
International students7910993n/a110
Brain gain116691297271
Internal Openness126123131129125
Tolerance to minorities128106119115110
Tolerance to immigrants94829810771
Social mobility84611219585
Women in tertiary education10292101106116
Women in high-skilled jobs107126110128119
Business leadership opportunities for women115113131110105
Formal education19595172107
Vocational enrolment5n/a64n/a81
Tertiary enrolment2884611493
Tertiary education expendituren/a866978106
Reading math and science40n/an/an/an/a
University ranking3730324678
Lifelong Learning59477351125
Business and economic subject ranking4451284370
Prevalence of training in firms5744n/a5180
Employee development1015412780123
Formal and non-formal education and 70training40n/an/an/an/a
Access to growth opportunities70108104117116
Delegation of authority6576128102120
Youth inclusion969910110388
Use of virtual social networks5510498112107
Use of virtual professional networks6298n/a109115
Pension coverage18510112589
Social protection41887363124
Brain retention102231064284
Environmental performance8412762114124
Personal rights12583119115108
Personal safety96919812080
Physician density7389818799
Vocational and Technical Skills – VT Skills959991108116
Mid-level skills7710783115116
Secondary – educated workforce9611490104101
Secondary – educated population7891658377
Technicians and associate professionals779885103119
Labor productivity249063112110
Ease of finding skilled employees91839371111
Relevance of education system to the economy98461184089
Skills matchn/a77528882
Global Knowledge Skills – GK Skills57586895128
Higher-level skills60695397114
Tertiary educated workforce539348105112
Tertiary educated population6182438980
Senior officials and managers4220749099
Availability of scientists and engineers9020335883
Talent Impact55477797131
Innovation output52444987113
High-value exports924611698121
New product entrepreneurial activity223663290
New business density6411198114117
Scientific journal articles47804187104

I shall ask you to make your own inferences. I shall do the analysis in the next post.

To be Continued…….

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The Global Talent Competitiveness Index 2021 (

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